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2011 Southern Cal Section Regulations
USTA 2011 Sectional League Regulations (adobe pdf)
2011 SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SECTION REGULATIONS
January 2011 – December 2011
USTA ADULT-SENIOR-MIXED-SUPER SENIOR– MXD SR. -TRILEVEL DIVISIONS & SCTA DBLS LEAGUE
Major National & Sectional Regulation Changes……………………………..……….. 2
The National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) & Computer Ratings
1.00 General………………………………………………………………………..………… 3
1.02 Point Penalty System
1.04 USTA/SCTA League Program
1.04B(4) – (6) SLC; ALC; LLC; Captain; Championship Committees
1.04C(1) – (2) Official League Registration, Score Reporting and Standings System.. 4
1.04D LOCAL LEAGUE
1.04E PLAYER REQUIREMENTS………………………………………….....…… 4 - 5
1.04F OFFICIAL LEAGUE RATING PROGRAM
1.04G PLAYER PARTICIPATION…………………………….………………..… 5 - 6
2.00 USTA/SCTA LEAGUES REGULATIONS…………………………………… 6
2.01A Levels of Play
2.01C Competition Format
2.01C(2) – (5) Team Match; Match Scoring; Team Lineups
2.02 PROGRESSION…………………………………………………………….…………………………………………. 7
2.03 AREA, SECTION AND NATIONAL LEAGUE CHAMPIONSHIPS
2.03A Eligibility; Participation
2.03B Official League Championships Entry
2.03C Scoring & Rest
2.03D Competition Format
2.03H Procedures in the Event of a Tie
2.03I Individual Defaults……………………………………………………………….………..………………………. 8
2.03K Team Defaults
2.03M Retirements; Court Surface
2.04 NTRP DISQUALIFICATION AND REVIEW PROCEDURES
2.04B NTRP Disqualification Procedures………………………………………………………………………….. 8 - 9
2.05 YEAR-END NTRP COMPUTER RATINGS AND APPEAL PROCEDURES……………………...………....... 9
2.05D Medical Appeals
3.00 GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES ………………………………………………………………….……………………….…..……. 10
3.02 GRIEVANCE TYPES
3.03 GRIEVANCE COMPLAINTS………………………………………………………………………………….. 10 - 11
3.04 GRIEVANCE APPEALS ………………………………………………………………………………………..….. 12
3.05 GENERAL PROCEDURES FOR GRIEVANCE AND GRIEVANCE APPEAL COMMITTEES
REGULATION CHART & VALID NTRP COMPUTER RATINGS……………………………………………………….……....….. 13
GLOSSARY ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..….……. 14
THE CODE ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……… 15-17
USTA/Section League Coordinator: Ali Ordoñez x223
USTA/Section NTRP & Tennis on Campus Coordinator: Linda Milan x225
scta.usta.com- P.O. Box 240015, Los Angeles, CA 90024-9115 - 310-208-3838
ULR =USTA League Regulations
SLR = Section League Regulations (SCTA)
to delegate authority - are in GREEN
Regulation changes/revisions are in red and underlined
LLR= Local League Regulations
SLC =Section League Coordinato
ALC =Area League Coordinator
LLC =Local League Coordinator
Regulations that National has allowed the Section to delegate authority - are in BLUE
Regulations that the Section has allowed the Local Area
MAJOR NATIONAL REGULATION CHANGES FOR 2011
1. If an Adult or Senior League consists of only two teams in a level of play, each team must maintain its roster with at least 60 percent of its
ame rating level or lower for the three prior years, without benefit of appeal, will be granted an appeal if they are
No defaults received by the player during all league competition shall count for advancing.
A retired match shall count for all players i
R SECTION REGULATION CHANGES FOR 2011
players at the designated NTRP level of play.
2. A player may play only one NTRP level above the player’s current NTRP level in the Adult and Senior Divisions. 3. Players who play exclusively in the Mixed Doubles Division and choose to participate in the Adult, Senior, and/or Super Senior Divisio
next year must enter those divisions by self-rating with the minimum rating being the higher of the self-rating or mixed exclusive rating.
4. Each Section Association shall designate a committee to handle Self-Rate Appeals for those that appeal their assigned self-rating. 5. Any player who is 70 years of age or older prior to, or during, the calendar year in which such player plays his/her first local league maand has achieved the s
promoted at year-end. 6. A Super Senior player is eligible to advance to National Championships competition if that player has played on that same team in at least three (3) matches through Section Championships.
evel above the player’s current NTRP level in the Adult and Senior divisions and in all other
s to move upone level.
league playoffs” will be the same as that of championship requirement (two match minimum- one default
register for a team up to 4 weeks after the start of the local league season.The local league has
uthority to impose an earlier deadline..
THE USE OF THE NATIO COMPUTER RATINGS
current league year.
computer ratings to players by direct and indirect comparison of match
or to, or during, the championship year, and for
el of play.
RP disqualification, these players
ls for all participants during local
enerate dynamic ratings through their last
TRP published level will be calculated using
n exclusively. Year-end
tings will be based on the final dynamic rating generated from local league and championship level competition.
1. Mandatory restroom facilities at home site. 2. A player may play only one NTRP l
“straight level” divisions/leagues.The “50% at level” regulation will be suspended for one year for any team (that has a minimum of four players) that participated at
National Championships or won the SCTA Doubles Section Championship the previous year and choose
4. If a team defaults a line(s) with no prior notification, the opponents have the option to adjust their line-up. 5. Eligibility requirement for “local
received may count as a match). 6. A player may request a refund and/or
NAL TENNIS RATING PROGRAM AND NTRP
IN THE USTA LEAGUE TENNIS PROGRAMThe National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) is the official system for determining the levels of competition for USTA League. The USTA
NTRP Computer Rating System assigns ratings based on play in the local league and at championship level during the
1. The National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) Guidelines define the characteristics of the various NTRP skill levels. 2. The USTA NTRP Computer Rating System is the official system to determine computer ratings for players throughout the country who participate in USTA League. It is a mathematical system that assigns
results obtained from USTA League and select NTRP tournaments. 3. A NTRP published level is valid for two (2) years for individuals 60 years of age and older pri
three (3) years for all others, or until another NTRP published level is generated.(See ch
4. Players with a NTRP published level must enter at that rating or higher.(See chart) 5. Players in USTA League without a computer rating must self-rate in accordance with the NTRP Guidelines. Factors such as a player's ocourt performance, tennis background, and any additional information should be considered in the self-rating decision. When playe
rating themselves, if they question at which level they should play, they should place themselves in the higher NTRP lev
Note:Players who are good athletes or intend to spend a great deal of time taking lessons and practicing
should be aware that their improvement may be significant enough to surpass their original self-rating by the time
they reach the end of the local league season or championship level. To avoid NT
should enter at a higher level of play at the beginning of the local league season. 6. Players without a NTRP published level are required to declare a self-rating on TennisLink when entering the program regardless
NTRP level they enter. They begin to generate a dynamic rating after their first match with aComputer or Benchmark rated player. 7. In the USTA League Tennis Adult and Senior divisions, dynamic ratings will be calculated at regular interva
league competition, at the end of the local league season,and during Area through Section Championships. 8. At USTA League Tennis Adult and Senior National Championships, players will continue to g
match played; but, there will be no dynamic NTRP disqualification at National Championships. 9. After the USTA League Adult and Senior National Championships, benchmark and year-end N
USTA NTRP Computer Rating System Procedures approved by the USTA League Committee. 10. In the Mixed Doubles Division, a NTRP published level will be calculated for participants who play in that divisio
1.00 GENERALPrinted below are the Southern California Tennis Association Section League Regulations (SLR) as authorized by the USTA LeaTennis Regulations (ULR). These regulations are subject to change based on action taken by the National Committee and the Section office. All USTA League Tennis Regulations in 1.00 GENER
AL shall apply to all USTA League Tennis Divisionsand the
ity delegated by these regulations to the section, unless otherwise stated, may be delegated by the section to a lower
ed the adoption of rules and regulations for SCTA League Tennis that shall be known as the
icial publication,THE CODE shall be observed. The ULR, SLR and The
mpionship levels. The lateness penalty clock starts when the match is scheduled,
f Toss + 3 games
tion Office (including, for example, the disqualification of any teams involved in any such waivers). Such sanctions
SCTA Doubles League. (See Regulation Chart for specific details) Any author
authority.1.01 NAME. The SCTA section has approv
SCTA Section League Regulations(SLR). 1.02 GOVERNANCE. The ULR and SLR shall apply to the USTA/SCTA League Program (USTA/SCTA League). The RULES OF TENNIS and TOURNAMENT REGULATIONS including those for wheelchair play, shall apply to all matches played in USTA/SCTA League except as modified herein. In all matches played without officials, the USTA off
Code are available at:scta.usta.com (under USTA League Tennis). The USTA Point Penalty System shall be used at all cha
d, a court is available and a player has not arrived.
•5:00 minutes or less - Loss of Toss + 1 gam
•5:01 to 10 min. - Loss of Toss + 2 games
•10:01 to 15 min. - Loss o
•Over 15 min. – Default 1.02A Waiver of Rules and Procedures Prohibited. Except where a waiver is specifically permitted by a USTA/SCTA League Regulation oby a USTA/SCTA League Procedure, no USTA/SCTA League Regulation or USTA/SCTA League Procedure shall be waived by any Local or Area Coordinator or Grievance or Grievance Appeal Committee. Any violation of the regulation shall be subject to such sanctions as may be imposed by the SLC or Sec
are not subject to appeal.1.02(1) Amendments. These Section League Regulations may be amended by the SLC and/or Section Office. All proposed amendments shall be in writing and shall be forwarded to the SLC at least ten days before the ALC Annual meeting. Without the approval of the SLC, no
amendments to these SCTA Regulations shall become effective prior to January 1st of the next USTA/SCTA League Year.
1.02B(2) Written Interpretation.The written interpretation of SCTA League Regulations is the responsibility of the SLC and Section office. 1.02B(3) Glossary of Terms. For purposes of these regulations, certain words and phrases are defined in a glossary included herein. This glossary has been prepared as a reference to many terms included in these regulations. The definitions provided have been drawn from these
regulations and, in some cases, other documents published by the USTA.
1.03 NON-DISCRIMINATION.USTA/SCTA League shall be conducted without regard to race, creed, color or national origin.
/SCTA League Section and/or National Championship teams in each approved level of competition.
ned by the Southern California Tennis Association (SCTA) and subject to the control and direction of the Section League
nal League Administrator, under the employ of the USTA, shall be
ntation of the USTA League Tennis Program within
dgecrest, San Diego, San Diego North County, San Fernando Valley, San Gabriel Valley,
employ of the Director of Adult and Senior competition, shall be responsible for the day-to-day administration of the USTA/SCTA
ions (LLR) may be developed to supplement (not contradict) the ULR and the SLR and must be submitted to and approved by the
ppoint and must approve LLC’s to implement and administer a division within
meetings so they can keep team members informed in local, section and
1.04 USTA/SCTA LEAGUE. 1.04A USTA/SCTA LEAGUE PROGRAM.The USTA/SCTA League is a team competition for men, women and for mixed doubles at specified National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) levels of play (See chart). The purpose of the program is to provide organized recreational play, emphasizing local competition, with advancement for winning teams from local competition to Area, Section or National cha
determine annually USTA
1.04B Administration. 1.04B(1) USTA League Committee.USTA League shall be governed by the USTA League Committee appointed by the President of the USTA and sugject to the control and direction of the USTA Board of Directors. The Southern California Section League Regulations (SLshall be gover
Coordinator.1.04B(2) USTA National League Administrator. The USTA Natio
responsible for the day-to-day administration of the USTA League.1.04B(3) Section Associations. The USTA has seventeen (17) section associations; the names and territories of which are defined in the USTA By-Laws. Each section association is responsible for the development and impleme
its geographic territory in accordance with the USTA LEAGUE TENNIS REGULATIONS.SCTA has sixteen (16) area associations: Bakersfield, Beach Cities, Central Coast, Coachella Valley, Inland Empire, Los Angeles, OrangeCounty-Weekday, Orange County-Weekend, Ri
Santa Barbara, Temecula Valley and Ventura.1.04B(4) Section League Coordinators (SLC). SCTA shall appoint a SLC to implement and administer the USTA/SCTA League. The SLunder the
League.1.04B(4)a Area League Coordinators (ALC). The SLC may appoint and must approve ALC’s to implement and administer the USTA/SCTALeague in their respective league area. Any such area shall have such geographic boundaries as the SCTA may determine. Local LeagueRegulat
SLC.1.04B(4)b Local League Coordinators (LLC). The SLC may a
the USTA/SCTA League in their respective local league area. 1.04B(5) Team Captain. Each team shall appoint a team captain to handle all administrative affairs and to represent the team in USTALeague matters, such as: Representing the team at captains’
national regulations as well as local and championship play. Conduct. Team captains or their representatives shall be responsible for their actions and the actions of their players and their spectators
during the match. Teammates, spectators, or coaches may not volunteer advice on line calls, scoring, or on the conduct of the match.1.04B(6) Championships Committees. A Championships Committee of at least three members (one of whom is a USTA Certified Referee or Umpire) shall govern each championship. At least one member of the championships committee shall be in attendance at all times during play. The Championships Committees, except for the National Championships, shall be appointed by the SLC. The Chair of the USTA/SCTA
eague Committee shall appoint the Championships Committees for the National Championships.
1.04C Official Information system.TennisLink is the official information system of the USTA/SCTA League. 1.04C(1) Official League Registration. TennisLink is the official system for registering teams and players for the USTA/SCTA League. Theplayer’s name must be listed on the team roster, as shown on TennisLin
k, prior to participation in any match. This includes any player who is
dd ster after the commencement of local league play.
aed to a team roTo register:
1) Go to Tennislink.usta.com/leagues2) Choose "register for a team" and follow the steps. (Must have a current USTA #, Team ID# and credit card information). Registration fees include a $3.00 non-refundable TennisLink user fee and an $18.00 Section Registration Fee per player per team. (Section Registration
Fee is waived for one captain per team. Contact your ALC for more information).Each Local League area may establish additional deadlines and procedures for registering teams on TennisLink within their area. Players shall not be added to the team roster during local league flight play-offs or at any championship. A player may request a refund and/or register for a team up to 4 weeks after the start of the local league season. The local league has authority to impose an earlier deadline. Refunds can
porting and Standings System.TennisLink is the official system for reporting scores and providing standings for
only be submitted by the ALC to the section office if no matches have been played or defaulted.1.04C(2) Official Score Re
the USTA/SCTA League.
Tnter a score on TennisLink:
1) Go to tennislink.usta.com/leagues;
are satisfied with the entry;or
confirmed or disputed by the
pp initial entry or the initial score will be considered valid automatically.
2) Choose "record a sc
3) Enter the match #;
4) Complete the scorecard;
5) Choose “finish” if you
6) Choose "re-enter". Retired matches, mark as “retired” and submit actual scores of match at the point of retirement.Scores must be reported in TennisLink with72 hours of the completed team match. After match scores have been entered on TennisLink, they must be
oosing team within 48 hours of the To confirm or dispute a scor :
then exit “scorecard.”
•eams may “combine” with another area that has two or more teams upon approval from the hosting area. The SLC
bers for each area will be considered separately. At the Championships, teams will be designated by the
•The location of the home facility will determine the league area
hat are different than those published.The local league season ends on the date
1) Follow steps 1-3 abov
2) Choose “confirm”or
3) Choose “dispute” and inform your ALC,
ALC’s can fix errors in scor
1.04D LOCAL LEAGUE. 1.04D(1) Definition.A local league is a team competition in a specified geographic area that applies specific local league regulations and consists of NTRP level(s) with a minimum of two or more teams per level. A local league may choose to divide any or all NTRP levels into flights. Where flights are used, flight winners will play-off to determine a champion for each NTRP level. (See 2.01C-Competition Format).
msrom more than one area competing in league play together are considered a "Combined League". The following policy will be in effect: An area with two t
must be notified. The team with the best record from each of the combining areas will advance to the next level of competition, regardless of who wthe league. For example: If teams in Area-1 combine with teams in Area-2, the best team from Area-1 andthe best team from Area-2 will advance. Num
name of their home area. Teams must secure home courts in the area they are representing.
for a team. They may use a “shared facility” as their home facility.
•Special circumstances will be reviewed on a case by case basis.
1.04D(2) Sanction.Local league competition is sanctioned in accordance with USTA Regulatio
1.04D(3) USTA League Year.The League Year shall be January 1 through December 31. 1.04D(4) Local League Season. SCTA shall determine the dates for the season(s) of the local leagues within Southern California. Local leagues shall obtain approval from the Section for dates t
published in TennisLink as the league season end date.1.04D(5) Area, District and Section Championship Events. SCTA shall determine the dates of the championships within Southern California. Each championship event ends on the date published in TennisLink as the championship end date. In the event a championship is
not concluded on the date published in TennisLink, then the end date in TennisLink should be amended to reflect the date of the last match
played.1.04D(6) Team. A team shall consist of players eligible to compete at a specific level of competition. (See chart for the minimum number oplayers required). Each Local league area may limit the number of players that appear on a team roster. The minimum number of players required must register prior to the Initial Roster Deadline in order to be included in the local league schedule.
For the Adult or Senior Divisionsand the SCTA Doubles league, each team must maintain its roster with at least 50 percent of its players at the designated NTRP level of play
ere will be mandatory restroom facilities available for players at the home team’s site in order to participate in USTA/SCTA(See Chart). Th
League Tennis.1.04D(7) If an Adult or Senior league consists of only two teams in a level of play, each team must maintain its roster with at least 60 percent
of its players at the designated NTRP level of play.(See Chart).
emberships may be purchased, renewed or extended using Tennis Link during the registration process or online at:
1.04E PLAYER REQUIREMENTS. 1.04E(1) Domicile.Any individual who competes in the USTA/SCTA League must be domiciled within the boundaries of the Southern California Tennis Association (or participate through a USTA direct Member Club). Residents of foreign countries who meet
age requirements may be invited to participate in the program provided that all such matches are played within the section.1.04E(2) Membership. All individuals who compete in the USTA/SCTA League must be current members in good standings for the leseason. USTA M
1.04E(3) Age.Each player shall have reached the required minimum age prior to or during the calendar year in which such player plays in his/her first local league match. (See chart) College players must consult the Intercollegiate Athletics Compliance Officer/Athletic Director at their college to insure that their eligibility will not be jeopardized by competing in league tennis.
1.04E(4) Player Agreement.All players participating in the USTA/SCTA League Program, as a condition of their participation, agree to abide and be bound by the USTA Constitution and By-Laws; the USTA Regulations; the Rules of Tennis (unless modified by the USTA LEAGUE TENNIS REGULATIONS); the USTA/SCTA LEAGUE TENNIS REGULATIONS and the standards of good conduct, fair play and good sportsmanship. Revised 11/15/10 5
1.04E(5) Waiver of Claims.Players participating in the USTA/SCTA League acknowledge the risks associated with playing competitive tennis, accept those risks voluntarily, and in consideration of their acceptance in the Program, assume all risks for bodily injury, waive all claims for injury and property damage and release and hold harmless the USTA/SCTA and the host facility, their officials, employees and agents with respect to any injury or loss caused by negligence or otherwise to the fullest extent permitted by law.
1.04F OFFICIAL LEAGUE RATING PROGRAM.The National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) is the official system for rating levels of competition for the USTA/SCTA League.
1.04F(1) Entry.A player without a NTRP published level must self-rate to enter a program. A player with a current NTRP published level must use that rating to enter the program.
1.04F(1)aPlayers entering the USTA/SCTA League are defined as having an NTRP published level on file in TennisLink or as a new/returning player without a NTRP published level. Rating levels are derived in accordance with USTA NTRP Computer Rating System Procedures. Once a player is assigned a NTRP published level, it is valid for all leagues except super seniors for up to three years or until another NTRP published level is generated. For the Super Senior program only a NTRP published level is valid for up to two years. (See chart). All self-rated players are subject to NTRP Eligibility Grievances.
1.04F(1)b Mixed doubles results will not be part of generating a player’s year-end rating, except for those players who play in the USTA League Mixed Doubles exclusively. Players who play exclusively in the USTA League Mixed Doubles Division and choose to participate in the USTA League Adult, Senior, and/or Super Senior divisions the next year must enter those divisions by self-rating with the minimum rating being the higher of the self-rating or mixed exclusive rating.
1.04F(1)cPlayers who do not have a NTRP published level on file in TennisLink shall self-rate in accordance with the NTRP Guidelines and complete the self-rating process on TennisLink when registering for a team. Failure to do so, or omission of information regarding a player’s tennis history, will subject the player, the captain and/or others who condoned inaccurate self-rating to sanctions and disqualification.
1.04F(1)d SCTA will designate a committee to handle Self-Rate Appeals for those that appeal their assigned self-rating. This committee shall consist of no less than three persons, including a chair. This Committee may be the same, in whole or part, as the Section League Grievance Committee which handles NTRP grievances. All decisions regarding Self-Rate Appeals shall be made by majority vote and are final and binding. (See General & Experienced Player Guidelines – Supplement to the NTRP Guidelines.)
1.04F(1)eA player with a NTRP published level must enter league play in accordance with the following:
NTRP PLAYING LEVEL
At NTRP published level and/or up to one
Mixed Doubles, straight NTRP level
level higher than current NTRP published level
SCTA Doubles league
Mixed Doubles, combined NTRP levels
Combined level may not exceed NTRP level.
Super Senior, combined NTRP levels
NTRP difference between partners may not exceed 1.0
In the TriLevel Division, a player may play one level (.5) higher than their NTRP rating as long as one member of the doubles team is at level. For example: On a 3.5/4.0/4.5 team, a 3.5 player can play on the #2 doubles line as long as he/she teams up with a 4.0 player, otherwise, that line will be disqualified and entered as a default.
1.04G PLAYER PARTICIPATION.
1.04G(1) Participation.League players may play in the USTA/SCTA League Adult, Senior, Super Senior, Mixed Doubles, Senior Mixed Doubles, TriLevel and the SCTA Doubles league during the same local league season.
Wheelchair Play. Wheelchair players participating in a USTA/SCTA league shall be allowed (2) bounces of the ball.
1.04G(2)aA player may play on one team in a NTRP level within a division in the same local league during the same season. In local leagues where NTRP levels are divided into flights, a player may not play in more than one flight.
1.04G(2)b A player may play only one NTRP level above the player’s current NTRP level in the Adult and Senior divisionsand all other “straight level” divisions/leagues.
1.04G(2)cA player may play up to two different NTRP levels within a division in the same local league during the same season. There will be no limit on how many local league areas they compete in. The following examples are acceptable team entries: 3.5 & 4.0 in Area-1 and 3.5 & 4.0 in Area-2 or 6.0 & 7.0 in Area-1 and 6.0 & 7.0 in Area-2, etc. If players register on more than one team at the same level, in the same division in the same area, they will be disqualified from the team(s) they last registered on and any matches played will be disqualified. If no matches were played, the player can decide which team to be deleted from. Exception: In the TriLevel Division, a player can play at the same NTRP level on two different TriLevel teams. For example: A 3.5 player can play on both a 3.0/3.5/4.0 and 3.5/4.0/4.5 team.
1.04G(2)dA player may play on a maximum of two teams within a division in the same local league during the same season. The Local League area has the authority to accept or deny participation.
In all matches in which ineligible players participate, the ineligible player may be penalized by defaulting all individual matches played and/or the captain may be suspended from all league play for up to a year. Examples of ineligible players are listed below but may not constitute a full list::
•Players who do not appear on the official team roster. (Unless there were difficulties experienced during registration and the ALC was notified)
•Players who have been registered by the captain without their knowledge and/or have fictitious match results entered on Tennis Link.
•Players who play under another player's name.
•Players who utilize multiple USTA Membership numbers in an attempt to bypass their computer generated NTRP rating in order to self-rate into the league program at a lower level.
1.04G(2)ePlayers who qualify to advance to championships on more than one team, are not required to choose which team they will represent. However, the championship schedule will not
The Area League Coordinator may file a grievance on any captain, player or team whose behavior has been disruptive and/or found to be not in compliance with the regulations.be changed to accommodate time conflicts.
1.04G(2)fAt any National Championship, if a player qualifies for two or more teams at the same NTRP level for an event, the individual must declare which team he/she will represent. In the absence of a declaration, the first match played will determine which team he/she will represent.
1.04(2)gA player may play in only one match within each team match.
1.05 OFFICIAL BALL.Any USTA approved ball may be used for USTA League matches.
2.00 USTA/SCTA LEAGUES REGULATIONS
All USTA League Regulations in 1.00 General and 3.00 GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES and the following procedures shall apply to USTA League – Adult, Senior, Mixed Doubles, Super Senior, Senior Mixed Doubles and TriLevel Divisions and the SCTA Doubles League.
2.01A Levels of Play.For USTA/SCTA League levels – (See chart). Using straight NTRP level, players cannot have a rating higher than the NTRP level in which they are competing. Using combined NTRP level, the combined NTRP level of the doubles team cannot exceed the combined NTRP ratings level entered. The NTRP difference between members of an individual doubles team may not exceed 1.0
In the Tri-Level division, the highest NTRP level offered will play in the #1 doubles position, second highest will play #2 doubles and lowest level offered will play in the #3 position.
2.01B Men, Women and Mixed Doubles.Men’s and women’s leagues shall be separate at each approved level for the Adult, Senior, Super Senior, TriLevel divisions and the SCTA Doubles league. The local league shall determine which approved levels shall be available for men, women and mixed doubles in local league competition.
2.01C Competition Format.
2.01C(1) Round Robin.Each NTRP level within a local league shall play at least one round robin competition wherein every team plays every other team. Any NTRP level may be divided into flights and each team shall play every other team in its flight. The flight winners may enter a playoff structure to establish a local league champion for that NTRP level. Any NTRP level with only two or three teams is required to play a minimum of three matches. Eligibility requirements for "local league playoffs" will be the same as that of championship requirements (two match minimum).
2.01C(2) Team Match.Each team match in a local league shall consist of such number of individual matches of singles, doubles, or any combination thereof as determined by the local league. (See Chart)
Confirming Match Play.Visiting team captains shall contact the home team captains at least three days prior to the scheduled match to confirm the following: date and time of match, directions to tennis facilities and number of courts to be utilized.
Postponements/Reschedules. All local matches will be played on the scheduled dates unless a change is approved by the ALC. Postponements for any reason other than unplayable conditions or at the request of a captain whose team (minimum of 4 players) advances to a league championship of another USTA/SCTA league division requires the approval of the ALC. Unavailability of strongest player(s) is not a valid reason for postponing/rescheduling a match. The ALC shall establish a deadline for team captains to reschedule all postponed/rescheduled matches. If team captains cannot agree on a time within that deadline, the ALC shall select the date and time. If neither team appears on that established date and time, a double default will be entered in the system. In no event may a team match remain uncompleted for more than seven days after its scheduled or postponed date or the deadline for completing local league match play, whichever occurs first.
Unplayable Conditions. On match day, the captains will decide what constitutes "unplayable conditions”. If teams have assembled to play and the beginning of the match is delayed by unplayable conditions, teams must wait no longer than 1/2 hour past the originally scheduled time for the start of the first match to determine if the conditions are playable. If conditions are still not playable after 1/2 hour has elapsed, teams are free to reschedule, unless BOTH captains agree to wait longer or choose a different location to play the match. If the match has started prior to the unplayable conditions, completed individual matches will stand as played. Incomplete matches must be continued by the same players and resumed at the exact score - set, game point - as they stood when halted (any point played is always counted and never replayed). Incomplete and/or unplayed team matches should be played as a team, as opposed to individuals playing matches at different times/sites. The ALC must be informed of any change in the schedule. ALC’s have authority in specifying “unplayable conditions” in their local area.When a league season cannot be completed, the local league champion will be determined by the ALC in consultation with the SLC. Factors to be considered may include, but are not limited to:
•Length of schedule
•Number of matches completed
•Head to Head results of teams in contention
2.01C(3) Match Scoring.It is recommended that all matches be the best of two tiebreak sets with a match tiebreak in lieu of a third set. The tiebreak shall be scored as 1-set and 1-game for tiebreak purposes. For play at or below the section level, SCTA may authorize the use of other USTA approved scoring methods and other scoring methods that are compatible with the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System. . Other match formats include: best of three tie-break sets with a set tie-break at 6-all, pro-set matches, a single set with a set or match tie-break at 6-all. No-Ad scoring can be used with any of the above scoring methods. The method of awarding points in order to determine the winning team of a local league team match and the winner of the local league competition may be the same as that used in championships competition or may be another method compatible with the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System selected by the local league. (See 2.03D – Competition Format and 2.03E – Team Match and Scoring.) The scoring in the event of a default or disqualification shall be 6-0, 6-0. (See 2.03N for scoring in the event of retirements.)
2.01C(4) Individual Match.An individual match is defined as any singles match or any doubles match played as part of a team match.
2.01C(5) Team Lineups.The team captains for each team shall exchange their team line-up cards simultaneously prior to the beginning of the team match. No substitution may be made in an individual match after the lineup has been presented, except for injury to, illness of, or disqualification of a player prior to the start of such match. If a team defaults a line(s) with no prior notification, the opponents have the option to adjust their line-up. If the substitution is made during the warm-up, the substitute player is entitled to a five (5) minute warm-up. The default principles in 2.03K – Team Defaults shall be applicable, with such modifications as SCTA may authorize.
2.01D COACHING.Coaching will only be permitted during the rest period only if the scoring method is the best of three tie-break sets and there is a 10-minute rest period between the 2nd and 3rd sets.
2.02a(1) Local League Competition.Each team that wins a specific level of local league competition shall be entitled to advance to the next level of competition.
2.02A(2) Local League Champions.At the conclusion of local league competition, the Area League Coordinator shall certify to the Section League Coordinator the results of the local league competition and the name(s) and address(es) of the team captain(s) along with the names of all ineligible players. Local league competition must be concluded prior to the deadline set by SCTA. (See yearly league schedule at scta.usta.com – under USTA League Tennis – under Championship Key Dates).
2.02B Area Championships.The selection of teams will depend upon the number of teams in each NTRP level in each of the local leagues. Areas with a smaller # of teams in a level may have teams going to Area Play-offs. The winning team(s) will advance to compete in the Section Championship. If the winning team is unable to compete further towards the Section Championships, then the SLC may select the second place team.
2.02C Section Championships.The winning team at each level shall be eligible to compete in the USTA League Tennis National
Championships.(See chart) If the winning team is unable to compete further towards the National Championships, then the SLC may select the second place team for such further competition, etc.
2.02D National Championships.The team winning the National Championship in each level of competition in the Adult, Senior, Mixed, and Super Senior divisions, shall be the USTA League National Champion. The team winning the Invitational Championship in each level of competition in the Senior Mixed Doubles and TriLevel (3.5-4.5) divisions, shall be the League Invitational Champion.
2.03 AREA, SECTION AND NATIONAL LEAGUE CHAMPIONSHIPS.
In all championships after local league competition, the following shall apply.
2.03A(1)The Section has the authority to determine the progression of teams to its Championship competition by (1) determining a champion of the preceding level of competition in its NTRP category or (2) the use of the Championship Wildcard Procedures. Champions of the preceding level of competition must be included in the progression.
2.03A(2) Participation. An individual player may play in only one position within each team match. Any individual who progresses to championship level in USTA/SCTA League must be a current member through each championship progression.
2.03A(3)A player is eligible to progress to championship level competition if that player has played on that same team in the same division in at least two matches during its local league season. A maximum of one default received by the player during local league competition shall count for advancing (For waivers - See chart). A retired match shall count toward advancing for all players involved.
2.03A(4)A player is eligible to advance to National Championship competition if that player has played the minimum of required matches on that same team in the same division through Section Championships (See Chart).
2.03A(5)At all National Championships, a minimum number of team members who were on the final roster of their local league team at the conclusion of local league play must be available and eligible to compete or combine and compete, as appropriate. (See chart) The Championships Committees at events below the national level, by majority vote, can reduce that number to not less than four.
2.03B Official League Championships Entry.The captain’s information form must be submitted by the captain to the SLC, at each level of league championships, below the national level, prior to the championship. An official copy of the final USTA TEAM ROSTER FOR LEAGUES shall be submitted by the SLC to the Championships Committee for Nationals, prior to the deadline announced for entry into the event.
2.03C Scoring and Rest.It is recommended that all matches be the best of two tiebreak sets with a match tiebreak in lieu of a third set. The tiebreak shall be scored as 1-set and 1-game for tiebreak purposes. The Coman style tie-break procedure will be used for all tie-breaks. For play at or below the section level, SCTA may authorize the use of other USTA approved scoring methods and other scoring methods that are compatible with the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System. Other match formats include: best of three tie-break sets with a set tie-break at 6-all, pro-set matches, a single set with a set or match tie-break at 6-all. No-Ad scoring can be used with any of the above scoring methods. There will be no coaching during the 2-minute set breaks.
2.03D Competition Format.The Championship Committee shall determine the format for the competition. It may be round robin competition, single elimination competition or a combination of the two. See the Championship Information for the specific division/league at: www.scta.usta.com – under USTA League Tennis – under Championship Key Dates.
2.03D(1) Round Robin.If round robin competition is used, then each team shall play every other team in its flight and the team with the most team points shall be the champion in its flight. The use of flights requires a playoff structure to establish a champion.
2.03D(2) Single Elimination.If single elimination competition is used, then each team shall be drawn in a tournament format in accordance with the USTA Tournament Regulations.
2.03E Team Match and Scoring.The team winning the majority of those matches will be awarded one team point.
2.03F Substitutions.No substitution may be made in an individual match after the line-up has been presented, except injury to, illness of, or disqualification of a player prior to the start of such match. If the substitution is made during the warm-up, the substitute player is entitled to a five (5) minute warm-up. If two players on a team do not show up that are members of two different doubles teams, the two players should play together at the higher position in order to avoid an additional forfeit. Example: If one player came from the #1 doubles team and the other player came from the #3 doubles team, these players would play at #1 doubles. The #2 doubles team would remain the same and the forfeit would occur at the #3 doubles position. EXCEPTION: When a team match is postponed to another day and an individual match has not started, a captain may change the lineup for such match; 2) Record the scores as each match finishes, and sign both line-up cards when all matches are completed. If there are not enough courts available at one time for a team match, team captains must agree in advance on the order of play and starting time for each individual match. Generally TWO (2) hours should be allotted for each match. Recommended order: Singles and then Doubles.
2.03G Coaching.Coaching will be permitted during the rest period only if the scoring method for the championships level is the best of three tie-break sets and there is a 10-minute rest period between the 2nd and 3rd sets.
2.03H Procedures in the Event of a Tie.In the event of a tie, whether in round robin or single elimination competition, the tie shall be broken by the first of the following procedures that does so:
2.03H(1) Individual Matches.Winner of the most individual matches in the entire competition.
2.03H(2) Sets.Loser of the fewest number of sets.
2.03H(3) Games.Loser of the fewest number of games.
2.03H(4) Head-to-Head.Winner of head-to-head match.
2.03H(5) A method to be determined by the championships committee. Procedure to be announced prior to commencement of championship competition.
2.03J Scoring of individual Defaults.Individual defaults will be scored as a 6-0, 6-0 win for the player or doubles team receiving the default and a 0-6, 0-6 loss for the player or doubles team that defaulted the match. In the event of a default by both players or doubles teams, both sides will be given a 0-6, 0-6 loss and neither receives credit for a win. If a double default results in a tie, the tiebreak procedure shall be the same as 2.03H Procedures In the Event of a Tie in order to determine a winner of that team match. If the captains allow (either by word or failure to prevent) a lower position to start out of sequence and later the higher match ends up a default - all matches played in good faith stand (Interpretation dated 7/17/03). The captain accepted the conditions under which the match was played when they permitted the lower positions to start.
2.03I Individual Defaults.An individual default occurs when a player fails to appear on time, or is disqualified by a tournament official for misconduct.
2.03K Team Defaults.In all championships after local league competition, a team must have a minimum of four eligible players (three for the 2.5,5.0 & 5.5/Open levels) available for play in each match or the entire match must be defaulted. The maximum number of positions that may be defaulted without defaulting the entire match is one line for a 3-line format and two lines for a 5-line format. When defaults are necessary, the defaults shall be determined by the team captain in accordance with the following:
(1) Singles. The No. 2 singles must be defaulted before the No. 1 singles.
(2) Doubles. The No. 3 doubles must be defaulted before the No. 2 doubles and the No. 2 doubles must be defaulted before the No. 1 doubles.
2.03L Scoring of Team Defaults.If a team defaults an entire team match for any reason during round robin play, then all matches of that team played or to be played, shall be null and void. The default win along with any other matches played in that round robin will be taken out of the standings. As a result, the standings will only reflect actual matches played by those teams in contention of winning and prevents a team from advancing due to a whole team default. If all teams in contention for the Championships have already played the defaulting team in good faith, the matches stand as played. In a multiple round robin format each round robin is considered a separate unit. If the team default took place in the 2nd round robin, for example, only those matches may be affected. An entire team defaulting in a championship may be ineligible to participate in that division for the following league year. This penalty shall apply to every player who played at least one match for the forfeiting team. Special circumstances will be evaluated on a case by case basis.
2.03M Retirement.A retirement occurs when an individual match has started and a player/doubles team is unable to continue due to injury, loss of condition or emergency.
2.03N Scoring of Retirements.In case of a retirement, the non-retiring player/doubles team shall be credited with such number of additional games as would have been won if the match was completed and the non-retiring player or doubles team won every subsequent game. For NTRP computer data entry in TennisLink, mark as retired and submit actual scores of match at the point of retirement.
Court Surface. All league matches will be played on hard court surfaces. (Exceptions will be reviewed and approved on a case by case basis).
2.04 NTRP DISQUALIFICATION AND REVIEW PROCEDURES.
2.04A Applicability.In all other divisions and the SCTA Doubles league, players’ levels shall be affected by NTRP disqualification in Adult and Senior Divisions. Players that are NTRP disqualified while participating in another division, after qualifying for Adult, Senior, Mixed, or Super Senior National Championships will not be allowed to advance to the National Championship unless participating at the higher level, if they otherwise qualify.
2.04B NTRP Disqualification Procedures.Dynamic ratings will be calculated for all adult and senior division players during local league competition and at every level of championship competition below National Championships, to determine if any players have reached the NTRP disqualification criteria stated in the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System Procedures.
Who cannot be dynamically disqualified based on three strikes in the Adult and Senior Divisions:
•C Computer Players
•B Benchmark Players
Who can be dynamically disqualified based on three strikes in the Adult and Senior Divisions:
•A Appealed – all granted appeals
•S Self-rated players
•M Mixed exclusive players
•T Tournament exclusive players
•D Dynamic rated players
2.04B(1) Local League NTRP Disqualification.Players will be notified by the NTRP Coordinator and have the right to a review in accordance with the procedures in 2.04C – NTRP Disqualification Review Precedures.
2.04B(2) Championship NTRP Disqualification.SCTA will choose the following option at the Adult & Senior championship events:
2.04B(2)aRun dynamic calculations and produce ratings throughout the championship. Through the conclusion of the championship event, notify and disqualify any player that meets the criteria for NTRP disqualification and reverse appropriate matches played.
2.04B(3)Following an NTRP disqualification, the player may not play at the disqualified NTRP level of play (and any lower level of play) in either singles or doubles for the remainder of the championship league year and for the succeeding league year. In any division using combined levels, the combined NTRP rating of the disqualified player and partner may not surpass the level entered.
2.04B(4)Players who are NTRP disqualified may be allowed to move up and participate on another team at a higher NTRP level during that same local league season provided the roster add-on date has not ended.
2.04B(5)In the local leagues and at Area or Section Championships, if the NTRP disqualification of a player is not upheld by the NTRP Review Committee, a second NTRP disqualification will be considered if warranted by additional data.
2.04C NTRP DISQUALIFICATION REVIEW PROCEDURES.
2.04C(1)Reviews are considered based solely on missing or incorrect information.
2.04C(2) Local.If the team captain or the player disqualified in the local league desires a review of the NTRP disqualification, a written request must be submitted to the NTRP Coordinator, asking for a review before the Section NTRP Review Committee within the deadline set by the administrator.
2.04C(3) Championship.If the team captain or the player disqualified during or after the conclusion of championship competition desires a review of the disqualification, he/she must request, in writing, a review before the Section NTRP Review Committee within the deadline set by the chair of the championships committee.
2.04D NTRP REVIEW COMMITTEES.
2.04D(1)NTRP Review Committees may be appointed at the area and section championships to consider reviews to NTRP disqualifications. Each committee shall be appointed with the approval of the SLC.
2.04C(4)The request for a review shall be delivered to the chair of the NTRP Review Committee. A review shall be held as soon as reasonable.
2.04D(2)The members of any NTRP Review Committee may be the same as, or different in whole or in part, from the members of any other Area or Section committees.
2.04D(3)The decision of the NTRP Review Committee shall be by majority vote. The Committee shall immediately notify the affected players and team captains in writing of its decision.
2.04D(4)There shall be no further right of appeal from the decision of any NTRP Review Committee.
2.04D(5)The NTRP Review Committees for all local leagues and championships shall observe the review and disqualification prcedures approved by the USTA League Committee.
204E SCORING PROCEDURES.
2.04E(1) Local.In the event of a disqualification during the round robin format or segment, all matches played within the flight shall be considered losses. The disqualified matches shall be considered 6-0, 6-0 wins for the opposing player or doubles team.
2.04E(2)a NTRP Disqualification throughout championship competition in a round robin format or segment:All matches played by players shall be considered losses and those matches shall be considered 6-0, 6-0 wins for the opposing player or doubles team.
2.04E(2)b NTRP Disqualification throughout championship competition in single elimination or segment:The last individual match played by players shall be considered a loss and that individual match shall be considered a win for the opposing player or doubles team.
2.04E(2)c NTRP Disqualification following conclusion of championship competition:All points earned by disqualified players at the championships will stand.
2.05 YEAR-END NTRP COMPUTER RATINGS AND APPEAL PROCEDURES.
2.05A Applicability.The regulations in this section are applicable to the Adult, Senior, Super Senior, Mixed Doubles, Senior Mixed Doubles, and TriLevel divisions and the SCTA Doubles league.
2.05B Year-end Computer Ratings.When year-end NTRP computer ratings are determined in accordance with USTA NTRP Computer Rating System Procedures for players (including those designated as supplemental benchmarks), such ratings shall be the minimum NTRP published levels of players. Ratings are directly affected by: 1) Your partner; 2) Your opponent's dynamic rating; 3) Your current dynamic rating; 4) The closeness of the match (regardless of whether it was a win or a loss).
Ratings are not directly affected by: 1) What position you play; 2) Your wins and losses; 3) Team standings; 4) Age
2.05B(1)For three (3) consecutive years or until a new NTRP published level is generated for players who are less than 60 years of age through the championship year (See Chart).
2.05B(2)For two (2) consecutive years or until a new NTRP published level is generated for players 60 years of age and older prior to or during the championship year (See Chart).
2.05C(1) Appeal of Year-end Ratings through Section Championships.Year-end NTRP published computer ratings may be appealed or denied through TennisLink except for those noted in 2.05C(2) below. The NTRP Coordinator will be responsible for the management of the Automated Appeal Process. Th Automated Appeal instructions are located on the SCTA website at:: www.scta.usta.com – Click on USTA League Tennis – Click on NTRP ratings.
•Year-End rating appeal period: All year
•Medical appeal period: All year
•District/Area, Region, Section and National Championship benchmarks may not be appealed following the championship it is received except for permanently disabling injury/illness. A year-old championship benchmark may be appealed in accordance with the NTRP Computer Rating System Procedures.
2.05C(2)Any player who is 70 years of age or older prior to, or during, the calendar year in which such player plays his/her first local league match and has achieved the same rating level or lower for the three prior years, without benefit of appeal, will be granted an appeal if they are promoted at year-end.
2.05D Medical Appeals.If an intervening, permanently disabling injury or illness indicates that a player’s current computer rating may be too high, the player may request a medical appeal of such rating in accordance with USTA League NTRP Medical Appeal Procedures. Medical appeals require an Appeal Form which may be downloaded from the scta website and will be assessed a non-refundable fee of $20.00.
2.05D(1)SCTA shall designate a Medical Review Committee(s) to evaluate medical appeals. The Committee shall consist of at least three persons, one of whom shall serve as chair. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC. The members of the Committee may be the same as, or different in whole or part from, the Committee first Approved.
2.05D(2)The Section designated Medical Review Committee shall have the authority to deny the appeal and such decision shall be final and binding. If said Committee deems the medical appeal should have further consideration, it will be forwarded to the National Medical Appeal Committee for a final decision. (Must include pertinent information & documentation that determines the degree to which the injury or debilitating condition is temporary or permanent)
2.05D(3)The decision of the Section designated Medical Review Committee shall be by majority vote.
2.05D(4)The Chair of the USTA League Committee shall appoint a National Medical Appeal Committee to evaluate all medical appeals forwarded from the Section Association.
2.05D(5)The National Medical Appeal Committee shall have the authority to either grant or deny the appeal. All decisions of the Committee are final and binding.
2.05D(6)Decisions of the National Medical Appeal Committee shall be by majority vote.
2.05D(7)An NTRP Rating received from a granted medical appeal will be valid until a new computer rating is published or the player is eligible to self-rate.
2.06ANational championship rostered team members, SCTA Doubles Section Champions and teams that qualify to advance to National Championships but do not participate, may move up one level as a team or must disperse to form new teams. The new teams that are at the same level as the National championship team and the SCTA Doubles Section Championship team are limited to the number of players who were on the final roster at the conclusion of local league play of any team or combination of teams that advanced to the national championships and the SCTA Doubles championship (See chart). This applies to any player who participated in any match for that team
during the championship year, including defaults received.The “50% at level” regulation will be suspended for one year for any team Revised 11/15/10 10
(with a minimum of four players)that participated at the National Championships or won the SCTA Doubles Section Championship the previous year and chooses to move up one level. 2.06B SCTA shall have the right to decide whether a team who competes at any championship level must move-up or disperse to form new teams for the following league year and under what conditions. (See chart).
2.07 Championship Benchmarks.A championship benchmark computer rating may not be appealed following the championship year it is received except for a Medical Appeal. (See 2.05D Medical Appeals).
3.00 GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES.The Regulations in 3.00 GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES shall apply to all USTA/SCTA League divisions.
3.01 ADMINISTRATION.All grievances within the USTA/SCTA League shall be administered in accordance to the provisions of this section.
3.01A Grievance Committees.All Grievance Committees shall consist of no less than three persons, including a committee chair, to adjudicate grievances. The members of the Committee may be the same as, or different in whole or part from, the Committee first approved.
3.01A(1) Local.With the approval of SCTA, each local league may appoint a Local League Grievance Committee. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC.
3.01A(2) Area and Section.SCTA shall appoint an Area and/or Section League Grievance Committee. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC.
3.01A(3) Championships Grievance Committees.
3.01A(3)a Area and Section Championships.SCTA shall appoint an Area and/or Section League Championship Grievance Committee. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC.
3.01A(3)b National Championships.The Chair of the USTA League Committee shall appoint National League Championships Grievance Committees. The members may be the same as, or different in whole or in part from, the members of the National League Championships Committee.
3.01B Grievance Appeal Committees.All Grievance Appeal Committees shall consist of no less than three persons, including a committee chair, to consider appeals of grievance committees’ decisions. No members of a Grievance Appeal Committee may be a member of a Grievance Committee. The members of the Committee may be the same as, or different in whole or part from, the Committee first approved.
3.01B(1) Local.With the approval of SCTA, each local league may appoint a Local League Grievance Appeal Committee. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC.
3.01B(2) Area and Section.SCTA shall appoint an Area and/or Section League Grievance Appeal Committee. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC.
3.01B(3) National.The Chair of the USTA League Committee shall appoint a National League Grievance Appeal Committee.
3.01B(4) Championship Grievance Appeal Committees.
3.01B(4)a Area and Section Championships.SCTA shall appoint an Area and/or Section League Championship Grievance Appeal Committee. The members of the Committee are to be approved by the SLC.
3.01B(4)b National Championships.The Chair of the USTA League Committee shall appoint National League Championships Grievance Appeal Committees. The members may be the same as, or different in whole or in part from, the members of the National League Championships Committee.
3.02 GRIEVANCE TYPES
3.02A General Grievance.General grievances are any complaints alleging a violation of the USTA Constitution and By-Laws; the USTA Regulations; the Rules of Tennis or other USTA regulations (unless modified by these USTA LEAGUE TENNIS REGULATIONS); USTA/SCTA LEAGUE REGULATIONS or standards of good conduct, fair play and good sportsmanship other than the those defined in Sections 3.02B – NTRP Grievance, 3.02C – Eligibility Grievance, 3.02D – Administrative Grievance, and 3.02E – National League Grievance below.
3.02B NTRP Grievance.A grievance contending that a player’s stated NTRP level is lower than the actual skill level shall constitute a NTRP Grievance. Players who enter USTA/SCTA league by inappropriately self-rating at an NTRP level lower than their actual skill level, and captains and others who condone such inappropriate self-rating, are considered to have violated the standards of good conduct, fair play, and good sportsmanship. NTRP Grievances may be filed against the players and/or captains and others that assisted or otherwise condoned the inappropriate rating.
3.02C Eligibility Grievance.Any complaint other than a NTRP Grievance contending that players have failed to meet eligibility rerquirements to participate in league tennis shall constitute a an Eligibility Grievance.
3.02D Administrative Grievance.An administrative grievance is any complaint pertaining to administration of a league at any level below the national level.
3.02E National League Grievance.Any complaint filed against the National League Administrator shall constitute a National League Grievance.
3.03 GRIEVANCE COMPLAINTS.
3.03A General Procedures.
3.03A(1)All complaints alleging a violation of the USTA Constitution and By-Laws; the USTA Regulations; the Rules of Tennis or other USTA regulations (unless modified by these USTA LEAGUE REGULATIONS); the USTA LEAGUE REGULATIONS or standards of good conduct, fair play and good sportsmanship, shall be filed in writing with the USTA League Grievance Committee responsible for enforcement.
3.03A(2)A complaint against the administration of the league should be filed and heard at the next higher level in the same manner as any other complaint, with the Section being the final authority.
3.03A(3)Any complaint against the National League Administrator shall be filed in writing with the USTA League Committee. The decision of the USTA League Committee shall be final and binding.
3.03A(4)All complaints with regard to any aspect of the USTA/SCTA League except those contained in 3.03B(3) and 3.03C(3) dealing with eligibility, shall be processed through the USTA/SCTA League Grievance and Grievance Appeal Committees at the appropriate level (i.e. Local, Area, Section, or National.) Decisions of Grievance Appeal Committees shall be final and binding except with regard to suspensions of individuals or teams for a period of 12 months or more. (See 3.04B(3)
3.03A(5)A complaint against an individual or team may only be filed by:
a) The team captain of the team who has competed in the match where the alleged violation occurred
b) A league coordinator
c) A member of a championships committee
3.03A(7) Play During Grievance Procedures. An individual or team may continue to play during a grievance investigation and hearing but must understand that if upheld, all matches played during that time may be defaulted.
3.03A(6)Regardless of any other regulation, a league coordinator or a member of a Championship Committee, a Grievance Committee, or a Grievance Appeal Committee may file a grievance at any time.
3.03B Local League Procedures.
3.03B(1)All complaints alleging a violation by an individual or team during local league competition shall be filed in writing with the ALC. The complaint must be filed prior to the commencement of whichever occurs first: (a) the involved team’s next match in that flight, whether or not the involved player participates or (b) within twenty-four hours after the end of the local league season.
3.03B(2)Upon receipt of the complaint, the ALC shall immediately send a copy to the Chair of the Local League Grievance Committee, copy the SLC, and to the party(ies) against whom the complaint has been filed.
3.03B(3)A complaint regarding failure to meet eligibility may be filed by a team captain, league coordinator or member of a Championships Committee at any time.
3.03B(3)aFor eligibility matters of simple fact (e.g. age, USTA membership, TennisLink registration) a USTA League coordinator may declare a player ineligible and disqualify that player without filing a grievance. (See 1.04C(1), 1.04E(2), 1.04E(3), 1.04F)
3.03B(3)bAll other complaints must go to the appropriate League Grievance Committee.
3.03B(4) Scoring of Eligibility Disqualification in Local League.
3.03B(4)aIn the event of an eligibility disqualification during the local league season and up to 24 hours after the end of local league season, all matches played by the player shall be considered defaults and those matches shall be considered wins for the opposing players or doubles teams and scored (6-0, 6-0). In case of an eligibility disqualification in single elimination, the last individual match played by the player shall be considered a win for the opposing player or doubles team and scored (6-0, 6-0). If a double disqualification results in a tie, the local tie-break procedures shall be used to determine the winner of the team match. If no such local tie-break procedure exists, use 2.03H-Procedures in the Event of a Tie, in order to determine a winner of that team match.
3.03B(4)aIn the event of an eligibility disqualification after the conclusion of the local league season by more than 24 hours, the team will remain eligible to participate and retain points received up to the disqualification, but the ineligible player will not be allowed to continue or advance.
3.03C Championship Procedures.
3.03C(1)All complaints alleging a violation during championships competition shall be in writing and delivered to the duly appointed site director within thirty minutes of completion of the team match, or prior to the commencement of the next team match involving the individual or team, whichever occurs first.
3.03C(2)At the time a complaint is filed, a copy of such complaint shall be sent to the party(ies) against whom the complaint has been made.
3.03C(3)A complaint regarding failure to meet eligibility may be filed by a team captain, league coordinator or a member of a Championship Committee at any time.
3.03C(4) Scoring of Eligibility Disqualification for Championships.
3.03C(4)aIn the event of an eligibility disqualification prior to or after the conclusion of a championship event, the team will remain eligible to participate and retain points received up to the disqualification, but the ineligible player will not be allowed to continue or advance.
3.03C(4)bIn the event of an eligibility disqualification in a round robin format during the championship event, the player will not be allowed to continue or advance on that team and all matches played by the player shall be considered losses and those matches shall be considered wins for the opposing players or doubles teams and scored (6-0, 6-0).
3.03C(4)cIn case of a disqualification in single elimination format during the championship event, the last individual match played by the player shall be considered a win for the opposing player or doubles team and scored (6-0, 6-0). If a double disqualification results in a tie, the tie-break procedures shall be the same as 2.03H-Precedures in the Event of a Tie, in order to determine a winner of that team match.
3.03D Grievance Committee Action.
3.03D(1)Following the receipt of a complaint, the appropriate USTA/SCTA League Grievance Committee shall, as soon as reasonable, (a) cause such investigation of the alleged violation to be made as the Committee deems appropriate; and if it deems the same to be necessary shall (b) arrange for a hearing at which the parties involved shall have the right to appear personally and present evidence.
3.03D(2)USTA/SCTA League Grievance Committee shall have the power to dismiss or deny the complaint or to direct the correction of any violations by reasonable means, including the suspension of an individual or team. (See 1.02A-Waiver of Rules and Procedures Prohibited.)
3.03D(3)USTA/SCTA League Grievance Committee shall prepare a written decision setting forth the basis for its decision and the deadline for any written appeal and promptly deliver copies to the parties involved.
3.03D(4)The decision of the USTA/SCTA League Grievance Committee shall be by majority vote.
3.03E NTRP Grievance.
3.03E(1)Players who enter the USTA League by inappropriately self-rating at an NTRP level lower than the player’s actual skill level is considered to have violated the standards of good conduct, fair play and good sportsmanship. These players may be subject to a NTRP Grievance. USTA League Tennis Regulation 3.00-GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES, with the following exceptions and modifications, shall apply to NTRP Grievances.
3.03E(2)A player with a valid NTRP Computer (C) rating, or Benchmark (B) rating, or granted an Automatic Appeal rating of a Computer (C) rating is not subject to a NTRP grievance. Any other player is subject to a NTRP grievance.
3.03E(3)Any league captain, coordinator or member of a championship committee may file a NTRP Grievance.
3.03E(4)A player who inappropriately self-rates, and captains and others who condone inappropriate self-rating, may be subject to possible sanctions, including disqualification and suspension.
3.03E(5)NTRP Grievances may be filed at any time up to forty-eight (48) hours after the conclusion of a self-rated player’s Section Championships. NTRP grievances will not be accepted at National Championships.
3.03E(6) Local League Competition. NTRP Grievances shall be filed in writing with the NTRP Coordinator. NTRP Grievances shall be handled by the NTRP Grievance Committee.
3.03E(7) Championship Competition. NTRP Grievances shall be filed in writing with the duly appointed site director or NTRP Coordinator and shall be handled by a Grievance Committee during a championship event. Exception: Dynamic Ratings generated by the matches during the Adult & Senior Championships will be the major factor in determining if a grievance is upheld, unless other violations are noted.
3.03E(8)NTRP Grievance disqualification occurs when the NTRP Grievance Committee reaches such decision and sends notification to the parties involved. The date and time that the NTRP Grievance Committee sends notification controls the assessment of sanctions, including the scoring of matches, which shall be administered in accordance with USTA League Tennis Regulations (ULR) 3.03B(4)-Scoring of Eligibility
3.03E(9)The NTRP Grievance Committee decision may be appealed in accordance with USTA League Regulation (ULR) 3.04-GRIEVANCE APPEALS.
Disqualification in Local League and 3.03C(4)-Scoring of Eligibility Disqualification for Championships, concerning scoring of eligibility disqualifications.
3.04 GRIEVANCE APPEALS.
3.04A General Procedures.
3.04A(1)Any party to the complaint may appeal the decision of the Grievance Committee within the time fixed by the Grievance Committee. Upon receipt of an appeal of the decision of the Grievance Committee, the Grievance Appeal Committee shall act promptly to resolve the appeal.
3.04A(2) Play During Grievance Appeal Procedures.
3.04A(2)aIf the grievance was upheld, the individual is subject to all sanctions imposed by the Grievance Committee during the appeal process.
3.04A(2)bIf the grievance was dismissed or denied and appealed by the filer, the individual may participate during his/her appeal process but must understand that if the decision of the Grievance Committee is reversed; all matches played during that time may be defaulted.
3.04A(3)The party appealing shall file written notice of appeal with the appropriate coordinator or designee who shall send to the: Chair of the appropriate Grievance Appeal Committee, chair of the Grievance Committee whose decision is being appealed, Local or Section League Coordinator, and to the other party(ies) involved in the complaint.
3.04A(4)The parties appealing shall have an opportunity to submit in writing facts and arguments in support of their respective positions.
3.04B Grievance Appeal Committees Action.
3.04B(1)The Grievance Appeal Committees shall not be required to hold any hearing except as provided in 3.04B(2). Its decision may be based entirely on the findings of fact by the Grievance Committee whose decision is being appealed and on the facts and arguments submitted in writing by the parties to the appeal.
3.04B(2)If the Grievance Committee did not hold a hearing, the Grievance Appeal Committee shall do so, provided any party involved in the complaint so requests in writing. However, the committee may hear such further evidence as it, in its absolute discretion, deems appropriate.
3.04B(3)The Grievance Appeal Committee shall have the power to affirm, modify or reject the decision of the Grievance Committee. If the Grievance Committee has imposed a penalty, the Grievance Appeal Committee may not impose a harsher penalty. (see 1.02A-Waiver of Rules and Procedures Prohibited.)
3.04B(4) A copy of the Grievance Appeal Committee’s written decision setting forth the basis of its decision shall be promptly sent to all interested parties and such decisions shall be final and binding.The following exception shall apply: any individual or team suspended by any local, area, or section Grievance Appeal Committee for a period of 12 months or more may appeal the final decision of the Grievance Appeal Committee to the National League Grievance Appeal Committee within the deadline established by the Grievance Appeal Committee. The administration may not appeal the decision of the Grievance Appeal Committee.
3.04B(5)The decision of the Grievance Appeal Committee shall be by majority vote.
3.04C National League Grievance Appeal Committee Action.
3.04C(1)The National League Grievance Appeal Committee shall hear appeals from individuals/teams suspended for a period of 12 months or more by a Local or Section League Grievance Appeal Committee. Upon receipt of an appeal of the decision of the Grievance Appeal Committee, the National League Grievance Appeal Committee shall act promptly to resolve the appeal.
3.04C(2)The National League Grievance Appeal Committee shall have the power to conduct such investigation as deem necessary and to affirm, modify or reject the decision of the Grievance Appeal Committee, but may not impose any harsher penalties.
3.04C(3)A copy of the National League Grievance Appeal Committee’s written decision setting for the basis of its decision shall be promptly sent to all interested parties including the Grievance Appeal Committee. Such decision shall be final and binding.
3.05 GENERAL PROCEDURES FOR GRIEVANCE AND GRIEVANCE APPEAL COMMITTEES.
3.05A Teleconference Participation.If one or more members of a Grievance Committee or Grievance Appeal Committee cannot be present at a hearing, such members may, at the discretion of the chair, participate by means of a telephone conference call, video teleconferencing, or other approved remote participation. If any witness cannot be present at a hearing to present evidence, such witness may, at the discretion of the chair, be permitted to do so by means of a telephone conference call, video teleconferencing or other approved remote participation.
3.05B Written Requirement.The requirement that a notice or other document be in writing is satisfied if it is sent by a telegram, fax, e-mail or equivalent communication.
(Grievance forms can be downloaded from the website at: scta.usta.com - under USTA League Tennis - under Forms).
3.05C Summary Table: Grievance Procedure Guide.
APPROVED/ APPOINTED BY
WHEN TO FILE
WHERE TO FILE
WHO CAN FILE
Minimum 3 including chair
Section League Coordinator
Time set by local league or Section rules
Local/area coordinator or designee or coordinator having jurisdiction
Team Captains, League Coordinators, Members of Champ. Comm.
GRIEVANCE APPEAL COMMITTEE
Minimum 3 including chair
Section League Coordinator
Times established by Grievance Comm.
Designee established by local, area, or section
Party to the complaint
Section League Grievance Committee
Section League Committee Chair
Anytime up to 48 hours after completion of Section Championship
Coordinator having jurisdiction
Any League captain, coordinator, or member of a Championships Comm.
NATIONAL LEAGUE GRIEVANCE APPEAL
Minimum 3 including chair
Chair USTA League Comm.
Time established by Grievance Appeal Comm.
National League Administrator
Party to the complaint
2011 USTA/SCTA REGULATION CHART
18yrs & Older
50yrs & Older
18yrs & Older
60yrs & Older
18yrs & Older
18yrs & Older
50yrs & Older
Men & Women (Separate Team)
Men & Women (Separate Team)
Men & Women (Same Team)
Men & Women (Separate Team)
Men & Women (Separate Team)
Men & Women (Separate Team)
Men & Women (Same Team)
3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5
2.5,3.0,3.5, 4.0,4.5,5.0 & OPEN
2.5/3.0/3.5 3.0/3.5/4.0 3.5/4.0/4.5
2 SGLS & 3 DBLS - OR - 1 SGLS & 2 DBLS (2.5, 5.0 & OPEN)
MIN. # OF PLAYERS REQUIRED
8 (3.0-4.5) 5 (2.5,5.0&OPEN)
(3 Men & 3 Women)
(3 Men & 3 Women)
MIN. %@ LEVEL
MIN. %@ LEVEL (2 teams only)
RUN DYNAMIC RATINGS
(Computer (C) and Benchmark (B) players are not subject to Dyn. DQ)
YEAR-END RATINGS(Include results entered in T/L Nov-Dec of the previous year thru 12/31 of the current year)
NO (Only MxD exclusiveyear-end ratings are generated)
Invitational (Level 3.5-4.5)
MIN# OF MATCHES REQUIRED FOR:PLAYOFFS
(1 Def. may count)SECTIONALS
(1 Def. may count)
MOVE-UP/SPLIT-UP RULE APPLIES
3 can stay together Exception: 2.5 & 5.0 (2 players stay together)
3 can stay together
3 can stay together
3 can stay together
FOR ELIGIBILITY AT CHAMPIONSHIPS PLAYED AFTER THE YE RATINGS ARE GENERATED, PLAYERS WILL USE THEIR ROSTERED NTRP LEVEL – NOT THEIR NEW YE RATING.
**EXCEPTION: SELF-RATED PLAYERS IN THE TRILEVEL DIVISION WILL USE THEIR NEW GENERATED
COMPUTER YEAR-END RATING FOR ELIGIBILITY INTO THE TRILEVEL INVITATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP.
VALID NTRP COMPUTER RATINGS
Players will have their most current computer or start ratings on file in TennisLink.
Players who are less than 60 years old during the 2011 championship year must self-rate if their NTRP rating is older than 3 years.
X indicates the years of valid computer rating in TennisLink.
Players who will be 60 years or older during the 2011 championship year must self-rate if their NTRP rating is older than 2 years.
X60 indicates the years of valid computer rating in TennisLink.
Last Year played 2008 2009 2010
AdultX X X
Adults 60 & overX60 X60
TennisLink will automatically remove expired computer and self ratings thereby allowing individuals to self rate.Players with expired ratings will not be allowed to self-rate at a lower level than their last published NTRP rating. However, they will have the opportunity to file a self-rate appeal. Self-ratings are valid for 1 year from the month issued or until replaced by a dynamic or computer rating.
Area:Geographic boundaries within a USTA section. May be interchanged with the terms District, State, CTA, Region, etc.
Benchmark rated player:A player, who advanced to championship or was disqualified, by whom other players’ NTRP computer ratings are calculated.
Appeal:Request for reconsideration of a previous decision, determination or finding.
Benchmark rating:A computer rating determined by the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System for a player using a combination of their dynamic rating and their rating derived at championships.
Championship level:Any USTA League competition held beyond local league competition or playoffs.
Coman Tiebreak Procedure:The same as the present Tiebreak except that ends are changed after the first point, then after every four points, and at the conclusion of the Tiebreak. The scoring is the same as a traditional set or match Tiebreak. Beneficial in doubles as players continue to serve from the same side as during the set.
Computer rating:A rating assigned to Adult and Senior players in 100th of a point at year-end that reflects level of ability.
Competitive:A match where the outcome is unpredictable.
Compatible:A match where the outcome is predictable, with the higher rated player winning routinely.
Default: When a player or team fails to appear or is removed by an administrator or tournament official for misconduct or violation of regulations.
Disqualification:Action taken to remove from a team a player deemed ineligible to participate.
Division:Any one of the four National league programs offered and administered by the USTA (USTA League– Adult, USTA League– Senior, USTA League– Mixed Doubles and USTA League– Super Senior) and any other USTA Area, District or Section sanctioned program identified as part of TennisLink and entered as part of the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System.
Dynamic rating:A rating associated with a player that has the potential to change with every match played by the player.
Early Start League:A local league season that commences prior to January 1 of the league year.
Eligibility:Qualifications to play.
Flight:A group of teams competing at a specified NTRP level within a local league or Championship competition where every team in that group plays every other team to declare a winner. When flights are established, a playoff must be held at Championship level to determine a champion in that NTRP level. Below championship level, the playoff may be held to determine a champion in that NTRP level.
Grievance:Written formal complaint regarding an alleged violation of a regulation or procedure.
Individual match:Any singles or doubles match played as part of a team match.
League coordinator:Person appointed or hired to implement and administer the League.
League progression:Local league team winners have the opportunity to advance through area, sectional and national championships competition.
Level of play:NTRP skill levels offered in the Program.
Local league:A team competition in a specified geographical area that applies specific local league regulations and consists of NTRP level(s) with a minimum of two or more teams per NTRP level. A local league may choose to divide any or all NTRP levels into flights. Where flights are used, a playoff structure may be established to determine a champion.
Match tiebreak:First to 10 by a margin of two. (See www.usta.com – Rules, #27)
New player:One who does not have an NTRP computer rating (generated within the last three
NTRP:National Tennis Rating Program
NTRP Level:Generic term advising the minimum NTRP level in increments of .5 at which a player may participate.
NTRP Disqualification criteria:Having reached disqualification level three times, as designated in the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System Procedures, during the local league competition and/or any level of championship competition below the national championships in the adult or senior division.
NTRP Computer Methodology Procedures:The document establishing procedures governing the USTA NTRP Computer Rating System.
Player:The individual USTA Member who registers on a team.
Rating:See Computer rating, Benchmark rating, Self-rating, Dynamic rating and NTRP Level.
Rest period:A maximum of ten minutes with coaching permitted between the 2nd and 3rd set when playing best of three tie-break sets.
Retirement:Occurs when an individual match has started and a player is unable to continue due to injury, loss of condition, emergency or refusal to play. Retirements are entered in TennisLink with the final game count for NTRP calculation purposes (2-6, 1-3) and the system will automatically credit the individual receiving the retirement with sufficient games as to make them
the winner of the match (2-6, 6-3, 1-0).
Round robin:Each team plays every other team in its flight.
Self-rating:A rating for a new player entering the program determined in accordance with the National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) Guidelines during the on-line player registration process.
Set break:The two minute period between the completion of the last game of a set and the beginning of a succeeding set.
Set tiebreak:First to 7 by a margin of two. (See www.usta.com – Rules, #27)
Start of a Match:First service attempt on an individual court.
Team:Individuals rostered together including non-playing captains
Team match: (Local team match)Number of individual singles and doubles or any combination as determined by the local league. (Championship team match) Adult leagues - 2 singles, 3 doubles; Adult leagues (2.5 and 5.0 NTRP level) - 1 singles, 2 doubles; Senior leagues – 3 doubles; Mixed Doubles league – 3 doubles; Super Senior leagues – 3 doubles.
Tiebreak procedures:Process to determine the winner of a Round Robin or Single Elimination in the team competition if the teams are tied.
USTA section:One of seventeen defined areas that comprise the USTA. Waiver of claims: As a condition of participation each player gives up the right to any demand for injuries sustained in traveling to or from or participating in the Program.
Waiver of rules:Except where specifically permitted, no USTA League Regulation or Procedure may be disregarded.
Year-end rating:A published NTRP level generated at the end of the league year.
The 2011 Version of “The Code” should be on the usta.com website by January, 2011
THE PLAYERS’ GUIDE FOR MATCHES WHEN OFFICIALS
ARE NOT PRESENT
When your serve hits your partner stationed at the net, is it a let, fault, or loss of point? Likewise, what is the ruling when your serve, before touching the ground, hits an opponent who is standingback of the baseline. The answers to these questions are obvious to anyone who knows the fundamentals of tennis, but it is surprising the number of players who don’t know these fundamentals. All players have a responsibility to be familiar with the basic rules and customs of tennis. Further, it can be distressing when a player makes a decision in accordance with a rule and the opponent protests with the remark: “Well, I never heard of that rule before!” Ignorance of the rules constitutes a delinquency on the part of a player and often spoils an otherwise good match. What is written here constitutes the essentials of The Code, a summary of procedures and unwritten rules that custom and tradition dictate all players should follow. No system of rules will cover every specific problem or situation that may arise. If players of good will follow the principles of The Code, they should always be able to reach an agreement, while at the same time making tennis more fun and a better game for all. The principles set forth in The Code shall apply in cases not specifically covered by the ITF Rules of Tennis and USTA Regulations.
Before reading this you might well ask yourself: Since we have a book that contains all the rules of tennis, why do we need a code? Isn’t it sufficient to know
and understand all the rules? There are a number of things not specifically set forth in the rules that are covered by custom and tradition only. For example, if you have a doubt on a line call, your opponent gets the benefit of the doubt. Can you find that in the rules? Further, custom dictates the standard procedures that players will use in reaching decisions. These are the reasons we need a code.
—Col. Nick Powel
Note:The Code is not part of the official ITF Rules of Tennis. Players shall follow TheCode in all unofficiated matches. Many of the principles also apply when officials
are present. This edition ofThe Code is an adaptation of the original, which was written by Colonel Nicolas E. Powel.
1.Courtesy. Tennis is a game that requires cooperation and Courtesy from all participants. Make tennis a fun game by praising your opponents’ good shots and by not:
• Conducting loud postmortems after points;
• Complaining about shots like lobs and drop shots;
• Embarrassing a weak opponent by being overly gracious or condescending;
• Losing your temper, using vile language, throwing your racket, or slamming a ball in anger; or
• Sulking when you are losing.
2.Counting points played in good faith. All points played in good faith stand. For example, if after losing a point, a player discovers that the net was four inches too high, the point stands. If a point is played from the wrong court, there is no replay. If during a point, a player realizes that a mistake was made at the beginning (for example, service from the wrong court), the player shall continue playing the point. Corrective action may be taken only after a point has been completed. Shaking hands at end of the match is an acknowledgment by the players that the match is over.
3.Warm-up is not practice. A player should provide the opponent a 5-minutewarm-up (tenminutes if there are no ballpersons). If a player refuses to warm
up the opponent, the player forfeits the right to a warm-up. Some players confuse warm-up and practice. Each player should make a special effort to hit shots directly to the opponent. (If partners want to warm each other up while their opponents are warming up, they may do so.)
4.Warm-up serves and returns. A player should take all warm-up serves before the first serve of the match. A player who returns serves should return them at a moderate pace in a manner that does not disrupt the Server.
5.Player makes calls on own side of the net. A player calls all shots landing on, or aimed at, the player’s side of the net.
6.Opponent gets benefit of doubt.When a match is played without officials, the players are responsible for making decisions, particularly for line calls. There is a subtle difference between player decisions and those of an on-court official. An official impartially resolves a problem involving a call, whereas a player is guided by the unwritten law that any doubt must be resolved in favor of the opponent. A player in attempting to be scrupulously honest on line calls frequently will find himself keeping a ball in play that might have been out or that the player discovers too late was out. Even so, the game is much better played this way.
7.Ball touching any part of line is good. If any part of the ball touches the line, the ball is good. A ball 99% out is still 100% good.
8.Ball that cannot be called out is good. Any ball that cannot be called out is considered to have been good. A player may not claim a let on the basis of not seeing a ball. One of tennis’ most infuriating moments occurs after a long hard rally when a playermakes a clean placement and the opponent says: “I’mnot sure if it was good or out. Let’s play a let.” Remember, it is each player’s responsibility to call all balls landing on, or aimed at, the player’s side of the net. If a ball can’t be called out with certainty, it is good.When you say your opponent’s shot was really out but you offer to replay the point to give your opponent a break, you are deluding yourself because youmust have had some doubt.
9.Calls when looking across a line or when far away. The call of a player looking down a line is much more likely to be accurate than that of a player looking across a line. When you are looking across a line, don’t call a ball out unless you can clearly see part of the court between where the ball hit and the line. It is difficult for a player who stands on one baseline to question a call on a ball that landed near the other baseline.
10.Treat all points the same regardless of their importance. All points in a match should be treated the same. There is no justification for considering a match point differently than the first point.
11.Requesting opponent’s help.When an opponent’s opinion is requested and the opponent gives a positive opinion, it must be accepted. If neither player has an opinion, the ball is considered good. Aid from an opponent is available only on a call that ends a point.
12.Out calls corrected. If a player mistakenly calls a ball “out” and then realizes it was good, the point shall be replayed if the player returned the ball within the proper court. Nonetheless, if the player’s return of the ball results in a “weak sitter,” the player should give the opponent the point. If the player failed to make the return, the opponent wins the point. If the mistake was made on the second serve, the Server is entitled to two serves.
13.Player calls own shots out. With the exception of the first serve, a player should call against himself or herself any ball the player clearly sees out regardless of whether requested to do so by the opponent. The prime objective in making calls is accuracy. All players should cooperate to attain this objective.
14.Partners’ disagreement on calls. If one partner calls the ball out and the other partner sees the ball good, they shall call it good. It is more important to give your opponents the benefit of the doubt than to avoid possibly hurting your partner’s feelings. The tactful way to achieve the desired result is to tell your partner quietly of the mistake and then let your partner concede the point. If a call is changed from out to good, the principles of Code §12 apply.
15.Audible or visible calls. No matter how obvious it is to a player that the opponent’s ball is out, the opponent is entitled to a prompt audible or visible out
16.Opponent’s calls questioned.When a player genuinely doubts an opponent’s call, the player may ask: “Are you sure of your call?” If the opponent reaffirms that the ball was out, the call shall be accepted. If the opponent acknowledges uncertainty, the opponent loses the point. There shall be no further delay or discussion.
17.Spectators never tomake calls. A player shall not enlist the aid of a spectator in making a call. No spectator has a part in the match.
18. Prompt calls eliminate two chance option. A player shall make all calls promptly after the ball has hit the court. A call shall bemade either before the player’s return shot has gone out of play or before the opponent has had the opportunity to play the return shot.
Prompt calls will quickly eliminate the “two chances to win the point” option that some players practice. To illustrate, a player is advancing to the net for an easy put away and sees a ball from an adjoining court rolling toward the court. The player continues to advance and hits the shot, only to have the supposed easy put away fly over the baseline. The player then claims a let. The claim is not valid because the player forfeited the right to call a let by choosing instead to play the ball. The player took a chance to win or lose and is not entitled to a second chance.
19.Lets called when balls roll on the court. When a ball from an adjacent court enters the playing area, any player on the court affected may call a let as soon as the player becomes aware of the ball. The player loses the right to call a let if the player unreasonably delays in making the call.
20.Touches, hitting ball before it crosses net, invasion of opponent’s court, double hits, and double bounces. A player shall promptly acknowledge when:
• A ball in play touches the player;
• The player touches the net or opponent’s court while the ball is in play;
• The player hits a ball before it crosses the net;
• The player deliberately carries or double hits the ball; or
• The ball bounces more than once in the player’s court.
The opponent is not entitled to make these calls.
21.Balls hit through the net or into the ground. A player makes the ruling on a ball that the player’s opponent hits:
• Through the net; or
• Into the ground before it goes over the net.
22.Calling balls on clay courts. If any part of the ball mark touches the line on a clay court, the ball shall be called good. If you can see only part of the mark on the court, this means that the missing part is on the line or tape. A player should take a careful second look at any point-ending placement that is close to a line on a clay court. Occasionally a ball will strike the tape, jump, and then leave a full mark behind the line. This does notmean that a player is required to show the opponent the mark. The opponent shall not cross the net to inspect a mark. See USTA Regulation IV.C.8. If the player hears the sound of the ball striking the tape and sees a clean spot on the tape near the mark, the player should give the point to the opponent.
23.Server’s request for third ball. When a Server requests three balls, the Receiver shall comply when the third ball is readily available. Distant balls shall be retrieved at the end of a game.
24.Foot Faults. The Receiver or Receiver’s partner may call foot faults only after the Server has been warned at least once and the request for an official has
failed. This call should be made only when the Receiver or Receiver’s partner is absolutely certain and the foot faulting is so flagrant as to be clearly perceptible from the Receiver’s side. The plea that a Server should not be penalized because the Server only just touched the line and did not rush the net is not acceptable. Habitual foot faulting, whether intentional or careless, is just as surely cheating as is making a deliberate bad line call.
25.Service calls in doubles. In doubles the Receiver’s partner should call the service line, and the Receiver should call the sideline and the center service line. Nonetheless, either partner may call a ball that either clearly sees.
26. Service calls by serving team. Neither the Server nor Server’s partner shall make a fault call on the first service even if they think it is out because the Receiver may be giving the Server the benefit of the doubt. There is one exception. If the Receiver plays a first service that is a fault and does not put the return in play, the Server or Server’s partner may make the fault call. The Server and the Server’s partner shall call out any second serve that either clearly sees out.
27.Service let calls. Any player may call a service let. The call shall be made before the return of serve goes out of play or is hit by the Server or the Server’s partner. If the serve is an apparent or near ace, any let shall be called promptly.
28.Obvious faults. A player shall not put into play or hit over the net an obvious fault. To do so constitutes rudeness and may even be a form of gamesmanship. On the other hand, if a player does not call a serve a fault and gives the opponent the benefit of a close call, the Server is not entitled to replay the point.
29.Receiver readiness. The Receiver shall play to the reasonable pace of the Server. The Receiver should make no effort to return a serve when the Receiver is not ready. If a player attempts to return a serve (even if it is a “quick” serve), then the Receiver (or Receiving team) is presumed to be ready.
30.Delays during service. When the Server’s second service motion is interrupted by a ball coming onto the court, the Server is entitled to two serves.
When there is a delay between the first and second serves:
• The Server gets one serve if the Server was the cause of the delay;
• The Server gets two serves if the delay was caused by the Receiver or if there was outside interference.
The time it takes to clear a ball that comes onto the court between the first and second serves is not considered sufficient time to warrant the Server receiving two serves unless this time is so prolonged as to constitute an interruption. The Receiver is the judge of whether the delay is sufficiently prolonged to justify giving the Server two serves.
31.Server announces score. The Server shall announce the game score before the first point of the game and the point score before each subsequent point of the game.
32.Disputes. Disputes over the score shall be resolved by using one of the following methods, which are listed in the order of preference:
• Count all points and games agreed upon by the players and replay only the disputed points or games;
• Play from a score mutually agreeable to all players;
• Spin a racket or toss a coin.
33.Talking during a point. A player shall not talk while the ball is moving toward the opponent’s side of the court. If the player’s talking interferes with an opponent’s ability to play the ball, the player loses the point. Consider the situation where a player hits a weak lob and loudly yells at his or her partner to get
34.Body movement. A player may feint with the body while the ball is in play. A player may change position at any time, including while the Server is tossing the ball. Any other movement or any sound that is made solely to distract an opponent, including, but not limited to, waving the arms or racket or stamping the feet, is not allowed.
back. If the shout is loud enough to distract an opponent, then the opponent may claim the point based on a deliberate hindrance. If the opponent chooses to hit the lob and misses it, the opponent loses the point because the opponent did not make a timely claim of hindrance.
35.Lets due to hindrance. A let is not automatically granted because of hindrance. A let is authorized only if the player could have made the shot had the
player not been hindered. A let is also not authorized for a hindrance caused by something within a player’s control. For example, a request for a let because the player tripped over the player’s own hat should be denied.
36.Grunting. A player should avoid grunting and making other loud noises. Grunting and other loud noises may bother not only opponents but also players on adjacent courts. In an extreme case, an opponent or a player on an adjacent court may seek the assistance of the Referee or a Roving Umpire. The Referee or official may treat grunting and the making of loud noises as a hindrance. Depending upon the circumstance, this could result in a let or loss of point.
37.Injury caused by a player. When a player accidentally injures an opponent, the opponent suffers the consequences. Consider the situation where the Server’s racket accidentally strikes the Receiver and incapacitates the Receiver. The Receiver is unable to resume play within the time limit. Even though the Server caused the injury, the Server wins the match by retirement.
On the other hand, when a player deliberately injures an opponent and affects the opponent’s ability to play, then the opponent wins the match by default. Hitting a ball or throwing a racket in anger is considered a deliberate act.
WHEN TO CONTACT AN OFFICIAL
38.Withdrawing from a match or tournament. A player shall not enter a tournament and then withdraw when the player discovers that tough opponents
have also entered. A player may withdraw from a match or tournament only because of injury, illness, or personal emergency. A player who cannot play a match shall notify the Referee at once so that the opponent may be saved a trip. A player who withdraws from a tournament is not entitled to the return of the entry fee unless the player withdrew more than six days before the start of the tournament.
39.Stalling. The following actions constitute stalling :
• Warming up longer than the allotted time;
• Playing at about one-third a player’s normal pace;
• Taking more than 90 seconds on the odd-game changeover; or more than 120 seconds on the set break.
• Taking longer than the authorized 10 minutes during a rest period;
• Starting a discussion or argument in order for a player to catch his or her breath;
• Clearing a missed first service that doesn’t need to be cleared; and
• Excessive bouncing of the ball before any serve.
A player who encounters a problem with stalling should contact an official. Stalling is subject to penalty under the Point Penalty System.
40.Requesting an official. While normally a player may not leave the playing area, the player may contact the Referee or a Roving Umpire to request assistance. Some reasons for visiting the Referee include:
• Flagrant foot faults;
• A medical timeout;
• A scoring dispute; and
• A pattern of bad calls.
A player may refuse to play until an official responds.
41.Retrieving stray balls. Each player is responsible for removing stray balls and other objects from the player’s end of the court. A player’s request to remove a ball from the opponent’s court must be honored. A player shall not go behind an adjacent court to retrieve a ball, nor ask a player for return of a ball from players on an adjacent court until their point is over. When a player returns a ball that comes from an adjacent court, the player shall wait until their point is over and then return it directly to one of the players, preferably the Server.
42.Catching a ball. If a player catches a ball before it bounces, the player loses the point regardless of where the player is standing.
43.New balls for a third set. When a tournament specifies new balls for a third set, new balls shall be used unless all players agree otherwise.
44.Clothing and equipment malfunction. If clothing or equipment, other than a racket, becomes unusable through circumstances outside the control of the player, play may be suspended for a reasonable period. The player may leave the court after the point is over to correct the problem. If a racket or string is broken, the player may leave the court to get a replacement, but the player is subject to code violations under the Point Penalty System.
45.Placement of towels. Place towels on the ground outside the net post or at the back fence. Clothing and towels should never be placed on the net.